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Beech

Other Common Names: carolina beech, gray beech, red beech, ridge beech, stone beech, white beech and winter beech.

Now confined to the eastern United States, American Beech is sometimes underrated and under-appreciated: which may be due to its somewhat bland appearance.

With straight grain and medium to fine uniform texture, the sapwood of American beech is white with a red tinge, while the heartwood is light to dark reddish brown.

Beech wood is used to make flooring, furniture, veneer plywood, and railroad ties. It is especially favored as fuel wood because of its high density and good burning qualities.

Grades Available:

PROPERTIES

  • Machining 4
  • Nailing 4
  • Screwing 4
  • Gluing 4
  • Finishing 5

    PROPERTIES OF BEECH

    With overall good workability, Beech responds superbly to steam-bending. It does, however, have a large amount of movement in service, so movement and wood stability must be taken into account.

    HOW DOES IT COMPARE

    Lumber
    (12 % moisture content)
    Specific Gravity
    (Density)
    Dimensional
    R
    (%)
    Movement
    T
    (%)
    Hardness
    (lbs)
    Compression
    Parallel
    (ps)
    Bending
    Strength
    (ps)
    Bending
    Stiffness
    (kps)
    Grain
    Alder, red (Western).414.47.35905,8209,8001,380Fine
    Ash.604.97.81,3207,41015,4001,770FIne
    Birch, Yellow.627.39.51,2608,17016,6002,010FIne
    Cherry, Black.503.77.19507,11012,3001,490Mod/Course
    Hemlock.454.27.85407,20011,3001,630Fine
    Hickory.664.98.91,8207,85013,7001,730Mod/Course
    Maple, hard.634.89.91,4507,83015,8001,830Fine
    Maple, PC.483.77.18505,95010,7001,450Fine
    Maple, soft.473.07.27005,2208,9001,140Fine
    Oak, red.634.08.61,2906,76014,3001,820Course
    Oak, white.684.48.81,3607,44015,2001,780Mod/Course
    Poplar, yellow.424.68.24505,2909,2001,500Fine
    Walnut, black.555.57.81,0107,58014,6001,680Medium

    GRADES

    Grades

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