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Western Species & Grades

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Alder

Decades ago, Northwest Hardwoods pioneered the use of Alder as a viable species for commercial use. Today, Alder’s popularity continues to grow. For OEMs, Alder offers a host of benefits, most important the species’ versatility and workability. From interior finish hardwood to furniture building, we provide the ongoing Alder supply our customers demand.

Natural consistency and beautiful color can give it the visual appeal of cherry, maple or birch. Alder dries to an even honey tone and can be finished to resemble more expensive fine-grained species. There is little color variation between the heartwood and sapwood, making alder also ideal for light or natural finishes. Alder’s popularity continues to grow among fine furniture and cabinetry makers worldwide.

PROPERTIES

  • Machining 5
  • Nailing 4
  • Screwing 4
  • Gluing 4
  • Finishing 5

    PROPERTIES OF ALDER

    Alder tends to be a light tan to reddish brown; color darkens and reddens with age. Alder is very easy to work with both hand and machine tools; it sands especially easy and has excellent gluing, staining, and finishing properties.

    HOW DOES IT COMPARE

    Lumber
    (12 % moisture content)
    Specific Gravity
    (Density)
    Dimensional
    R
    (%)
    Movement
    T
    (%)
    Hardness
    (lbs)
    Compression
    Parallel
    (ps)
    Bending
    Strength
    (ps)
    Bending
    Stiffness
    (kps)
    Grain
    Alder, red (Western).414.47.35905,8209,8001,380Fine
    Ash.604.97.81,3207,41015,4001,770FIne
    Birch, Yellow.627.39.51,2608,17016,6002,010FIne
    Cherry, Black.503.77.19507,11012,3001,490Mod/Course
    Hemlock.454.27.85407,20011,3001,630Fine
    Hickory.664.98.91,8207,85013,7001,730Mod/Course
    Maple, hard.634.89.91,4507,83015,8001,830Fine
    Maple, PC.483.77.18505,95010,7001,450Fine
    Maple, soft.473.07.27005,2208,9001,140Fine
    Oak, red.634.08.61,2906,76014,3001,820Course
    Oak, white.684.48.81,3607,44015,2001,780Mod/Course
    Poplar, yellow.424.68.24505,2909,2001,500Fine
    Walnut, black.555.57.81,0107,58014,6001,680Medium
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