Appalachian Species & Grades

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Hickory

Other Common Names: Shagbark Hickory, Shellbark Hickory and Scalybark Hickory

One of the strongest, hardest and most-dense of our Glacial hardwoods, Hickory is used for applications that require sheer strength and high shock resistance. The sapwood of hickory is white, tinged with brown, while the heartwood is pale to reddish brown. Hickory has coarse texture and usually straight grain, but can be wavy or irregular. Hickory is a traditional choice for cabinetry and furniture with lots of character.

Hickory is also used in tool handles, dowels, ladders, picks and axes, sporting goods, and flooring.

Grades Avilable:

PROPERTIES

  • Machining 2
  • Nailing 2
  • Screwing 2
  • Gluing 2
  • Finishing 3

HICKORY

Hickory rates above average in most working properties, except in shaping and nail-holding ability. It can be difficult to machine and has a moderate blunting effect on tools. Hickory has excellent bending properties and accepts stains and finishes very well.

HOW DOES IT COMPARE

Lumber
(12 % moisture content)
Specific Gravity
(Density)
Dimensional
R
(%)
Movement
T
(%)
Hardness
(lbs)
Compression
Parallel
(ps)
Bending
Strength
(ps)
Bending
Stiffness
(kps)
Grain
Alder, red (Western).414.47.35905,8209,8001,380Fine
Ash.604.97.81,3207,41015,4001,770FIne
Birch, Yellow.627.39.51,2608,17016,6002,010FIne
Cherry, Black.503.77.19507,11012,3001,490Mod/Course
Hemlock.454.27.85407,20011,3001,630Fine
Hickory.664.98.91,8207,85013,7001,730Mod/Course
Maple, hard.634.89.91,4507,83015,8001,830Fine
Maple, PC .483.77.18505,95010,7001,450Fine
Maple, soft.473.07.27005,2208,9001,140Fine
Oak, red.634.08.61,2906,76014,3001,820Course
Oak, white.684.48.81,3607,44015,2001,780Mod/Course
Poplar, yellow.424.68.24505,2909,2001,500Fine
Walnut, black.555.57.81,0107,58014,6001,680Medium
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