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Appalachian Species & Grades

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Hard Maple

Other Common Names: Sugar Maple or Rock Maple

Northwest’s Hard Maple is grown in both the Glacial and Appalachian regions.

Unlike other hardwoods, the sapwood of Hard Maple is used rather than the heartwood. Admired for its beautiful cream color fine texture, the grain is generally straight but also occurs as “birds-eye,” “curly,” and “fiddleback” grain. Hard Maple turns well on a lathe and is resistant to abrasion. Hard Maple’s beauty and strength makes it a favorite for flooring, cabinetry, furniture, paneling and veneer.

Hard Maple is also used for gunstocks, tool handles, plywood dies, cutting blocks, woodenware, novelty products, sporting goods, bowling pins, and musical instruments.

PROPERTIES

  • Machining 4
  • Nailing 2
  • Screwing 2
  • Gluing 4
  • Finishing 5

    PROPERTIES OF Hard Maple

    Hard Maple is relatively easy to work with both hand and machine tools. It turns, glues and finishes well.

    HOW DOES IT COMPARE

    Lumber
    (12 % moisture content)
    Specific Gravity
    (Density)
    Dimensional
    R
    (%)
    Movement
    T
    (%)
    Hardness
    (lbs)
    Compression
    Parallel
    (ps)
    Bending
    Strength
    (ps)
    Bending
    Stiffness
    (kps)
    Grain
    Alder, red (Western).414.47.35905,8209,8001,380Fine
    Ash.604.97.81,3207,41015,4001,770FIne
    Birch, Yellow.627.39.51,2608,17016,6002,010FIne
    Cherry, Black.503.77.19507,11012,3001,490Mod/Course
    Hemlock.454.27.85407,20011,3001,630Fine
    Hickory.664.98.91,8207,85013,7001,730Mod/Course
    Maple, hard.634.89.91,4507,83015,8001,830Fine
    Maple, PC.483.77.18505,95010,7001,450Fine
    Maple, soft.473.07.27005,2208,9001,140Fine
    Oak, red.634.08.61,2906,76014,3001,820Course
    Oak, white.684.48.81,3607,44015,2001,780Mod/Course
    Poplar, yellow.424.68.24505,2909,2001,500Fine
    Walnut, black.555.57.81,0107,58014,6001,680Medium
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