Appalachian Species & Grades

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Birch

Other Common Names: Gray Birch, Silver Birch and Swamp Birch

Birch is one of the most popular hardwoods for veneer and interior work. It tends to be a light reddish brown, with nearly white sapwood. Occasionally figured pieces are available with a wide, shallow curl similar to the curl found in Cherry. Generally, Birch is a straight-grained wood with a fine uniform texture. It is often used for furniture, cabinetry, interior finish and veneer.

Birch is also in demand for toys, tool handles, boxes, woodenware and interior doors.

Grades Avilable:

PROPERTIES

  • Machining 4
  • Nailing 3
  • Screwing 2
  • Gluing 3
  • Finishing 5

    PROPERTIES OF Ash

    Birch and is heavy, hard and strong with a fine, uniform texture. Birch takes stain and polish extremely well.

    HOW DOES IT COMPARE

    Lumber
    (12 % moisture content)
    Specific Gravity
    (Density)
    Dimensional
    R
    (%)
    Movement
    T
    (%)
    Hardness
    (lbs)
    Compression
    Parallel
    (ps)
    Bending
    Strength
    (ps)
    Bending
    Stiffness
    (kps)
    Grain
    Alder, red (Western).414.47.35905,8209,8001,380Fine
    Ash.604.97.81,3207,41015,4001,770FIne
    Birch, Yellow.627.39.51,2608,17016,6002,010FIne
    Cherry, Black.503.77.19507,11012,3001,490Mod/Course
    Hemlock.454.27.85407,20011,3001,630Fine
    Hickory.664.98.91,8207,85013,7001,730Mod/Course
    Maple, hard.634.89.91,4507,83015,8001,830Fine
    Maple, PC.483.77.18505,95010,7001,450Fine
    Maple, soft.473.07.27005,2208,9001,140Fine
    Oak, red.634.08.61,2906,76014,3001,820Course
    Oak, white.684.48.81,3607,44015,2001,780Mod/Course
    Poplar, yellow.424.68.24505,2909,2001,500Fine
    Walnut, black.555.57.81,0107,58014,6001,680Medium

    GRADES

    Grades

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